# Mathematical vocabulary KS1 and KS2

#### Number and place Value

• Numbers
• Count
• Number bonds
• Tens and ones
• Place value
• More and less
• Odd and even
• Number
• Zero, one, two, three to twenty, and beyond
• None
• Count (on/up/to/from/down)
• Before, after
• More, less, many, few, fewer, least, fewest, smallest, greater, lesser
• Equal to, the same as
• Odd, even
• Pair
• Units, ones, Ten more/less
• Digit
• Numeral
• Figure(s)
• Compare
• (In) order/a different order
• Size
• Value
• Between, halfway between
• Above, below
• Numbers to one hundred
• Hundreds
• Partition, recombine
• Hundred more/less
• Commutative
• Inverse

New Vocabulary for KS2:
Year 3

• Numbers to one thousand
• Column

Year 4

• Tenths, hundredths Decimal (places)
• Round (to nearest)
• Thousand more/less than
• Negative integers
• Roman Numerals
• Roman numerals (I to C)

Year 5

• Power of 10

Year 6

• Numbers to ten million

• Number bonds, number line
• Add, more, plus, make, sum, total, altogether
• Inverse
• Double, near double
• Half, halve
• Equals, is the same as (including equals sign)
• Difference between
• How many more to make..?, how many more is…than..?, how much more is..?
• Subtract, take away, minus
• How many fewer is…than..?, how much less is..?

New Vocabulary for KS2:
Year 3

Year 5

• Efficient written method

Year 6

• Order of operations

#### Multiplication and Division

• Odd, even
• Count in twos, threes, fives
• Count in tens (forwards from/backwards from)
• How many times?
• Lots of, groups of
• Once, twice, three times, five times
• Multiple of, times, multiply, multiply by
• Array, row, column
• Double, halve
• Share, share equally
• Group in pairs, threes, etc.
• Equal groups of
• Divide, divided by, left, left over

New Vocabulary for KS2:
Year 3

• Product
• Multiples of four, eight, fifty and one hundred
• Scale up

Year 4

• Multiplication facts (up to 12×12)
• Division facts
• Inverse
• Derive

Year 5

• Factor pairs
• Composite numbers, prime number, prime factors, square number, cubed number
• Formal written method

Year 6

• Order of operations
• Common factors, common multiples

#### Fractions

• Whole
• Equal parts, four equal parts
• One half, two halves
• A quarter, two quarters
• Three quarters, one third, a third
• Equivalence, equivalent

New Vocabulary for KS2:
Year 3

• Numerator, denominator
• Unit fraction, nonunit fraction
• Compare and order
• Tenths chart

Year 4

• Equivalent decimals and fractions

Year 5

• Proper/improper fractions, mixed numbers
• Percentage
• Half, quarter, fifth, two fifths, four fifths
• Ratio, proportion

Year 6

• Degree of accuracy
• Simplify

#### Geometry (properties of shape)

• Group, sort
• Cube
• cuboid
• pyramid
• sphere
• cone
• cylinder
• circle
• triangle
• square
• Shape
• Flat, curved, straight, round
• Hollow, solid
• Corner (point, pointed)
• Face, side, edge
• Make, build, draw
• Size
• Bigger, larger, smaller
• Symmetrical, line of symmetry
• Fold
• Match
• Mirror line,
• reflection
• Pattern, repeating pattern

New Vocabulary for KS2:
Year 3

• Triangles
• Right angle, acute and obtuse angles
• Perimeter and area

Year 4

• Triangles
• Right angle, acute and obtuse angles

Year 5

• Regular and irregular
• Polygons

Year 6

• Vertically opposite (angles)

#### Position and direction

• Position
• Over, under, underneath, above, below, top, bottom, side on, in, outside, inside, around, in front, behind
• Front, back, Before, after, Beside, next to, Opposite, Apart, Between, middle, edge, centre
• Corner Direction
• Journey
• Left, right, up, down, forwards, backwards, sideways
• Across Close, far, near Along, through
• To, from, towards, away from
• Movement
• Slide, roll, turn, whole turn, half turn Stretch, bend
• Rotation
• Clockwise, anticlockwise
• Straight line
• Ninety degree turn, right angle

New Vocabulary for KS2:
Year 3

• Coordinates
• Translation
• x-axis, y-axis

Year 4

• Coordinates
• Translation
• x-axis, y- axis
• Perimeter and area

Year 5

• Reflex angle
• Dimensions

Year 6

#### Measures

• Full, half full, empty
• Holds
• Container
• Weigh, weighs, balances Heavy, heavier, heaviest, light, lighter, lightest
• Scales
• Time
• Days of the week: Monday, Tuesday, etc.
• Seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter
• Day, week, month, year, weekend
• Birthday, holiday
• Morning, afternoon, evening night, midnight
• Bedtime, dinnertime, playtime
• Today, yesterday, tomorrow
• Before, after
• Next, last
• Now, soon, early, late
• Quick, quicker, quickest, quickly , fast, faster, fastest, slow, slower, slowest, slowly
• Takes longer, takes less time
• Hour, o’clock, half past
• Clock, watch, hands
• How long ago?, how long will it be to…?, how long will it take to…?, how often?
• Always, never, often, sometimes, usually
• Once, twice
• First, second, third, etc.
• Estimate, close to

New Vocabulary for KS2:
Year 3

• Leap year
• Twelve hour/twenty- four- hour clock
• Roman numerals I to XIII Greater

Year 4

• Convert

Year 5

• Volume
• Imperial units, metric units

#### Problem solving and general

• Listen, join in Say, think, imagine, remember
• Look at, point to
• Put, place, fit
• Arrange, rearrange
• Change, change over
• Split, separate
• Carry on, continue, repeat, what comes next?
• Tell me, describe, pick out, talk about, explain, show me
• Read, write, record, trace, copy, complete, finish, end
• Fill in, shade, colour, tick, cross, draw, draw a line between, join (up), ring, arrow
• Cost
• Count, work out, answer, check same number(s)/differ ent number(s)/missing number(s)
• Number facts, number line, number track, number square, number cards
• Abacus, counters, cubes, blocks, rods, die, dice, dominoes, pegs, peg board
• Same way, different
• Find, choose, collect, use, make, build way, best way, another way
• In order, in a different order
• Not all, every, each

#### Data Statistics

New Vocabulary for KS2:
Year 3

• Chart
• Bar chart frequency table, Carroll diagram, Venn diagram
• Axis, axes
• Diagram

Year 4

• Continuous data
• Line graph

Year 6

• Pie chart
• Mean
• Construct

#### Algebra

New Vocabulary for KS2:
Year 6

• Linear number sequence
• Substitute
• Variables
• Symbol
• Known values